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Denmark Hiv Statistics
Denmark has witnessed Hiv since 1983. However, incidences have increased and peaked since 1993, with (4.6 per 100,000 inhabitants), then decreased to 1.2 per 100,000 inhabitants in 1998 and further to 0.9 in 2000.
In Denmark, most Hiv cases are among men who have sex with men (MSM).
Statistics indicate that HIV cases and mortality has decreased due to the ARV drugs. Over the years, the new identified cases has been fairly stable at approximately 5.7 per 100,000 inhabitants.
Immigrants represent 24% of identified HIV-infected persons and represent nearly 50% of all heterosexually acquired cases.
As of 2000, Denmark recorded a 0.1% HIV prevalence, distributed at 0.03% among heterosexuals, and 4.8% among MSM.
Estimated annual HIV incidence is around 5.6 per 100,000 inhabitants; three times higher among men than women, and as high as 220 per 100,000 among MSM.
Demographic Modes of Infections
Copenhagen records high infections than any other place in Denmark, with 6 cases daily. This translates to 99% a month.
The youths are categorized as the highest-ranking in infections due to their lifestyle manners.
In the modern HIV treatment era, the overall transmission rate was 0.5%. Late diagnosis was implicated in every transmission.
Antiretroviral treatment during pregnancy and labor, and appropriately managed delivery, infant prophylaxis, and the avoidance of breastfeeding can reduce the risk of mother-to-child HIV transmission to below 1%.
Drug users and people who travel abroad have contributed to the rise in the number of new cases. It is always hard to account for them but the number has been rising among the addicts.
The latest findings indicate that 52% of all surgeries risked Hiv infection therefore there have been more stringent measures during such procedures.
There has been an upgrade in blood donation and sampling in order to curb infections caused by blood transfusion.
Other measures include increased use of better gloves in medical fields and maintaining high levels of hygiene.
Hiv Law In Denmark
There has been a legislative debate to criminalize anyone who infects the other with Hiv. However, the Danish Justice Minister suspended Article 252 of the Danish Penal Code used to prosecute people living with HIV for ’wanton or reckless’ exposure or transmission of HIV.
This is the only criminal statute in Western Europe that singles out HIV as “a fatal and incurable disease.”
von Linstow ML et al. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Denmark, 1994-2008. HIV Med, online edition, DO1: 10.1111/j.1468-1293.2009.00811x, 2010